Process Of Manufacturing


Once we have the hides in-house, we use aniline dyes (which are water-based) to custom-color the hides to meet our customers specifications. As all hides are unique in their natural markings, the hides also absorb dyes differently from hide to hide and even in different sections of a hide. We drum dye our hides and tumble them in a rotating drum to make sure the dye penetrates the hides as consistently as possible.

Embossing Patterns and Textures

We have one of the largest collections of embossing patterns for leather under one roof in the India with over 700 embossing plates and more than 140 calendar rolls. Through the use of specialized techniques by our highly skilled leather craftspeople, many textures can be embossed on whole cowhides without showing overlap lines. This maximizes cutting yield and greatly minimizes the need for excess seams during upholstery. We have internal graphic design capabilities that allow us to create custom embossing designs in unprecedented turn-around time.

Hand-tipping and Hand-rubbing

We offer options for unique finish applications, including hand rubs and hand-tipping applications that highlight embossed patterns (Hand-tipping) or the natural grain of the leather (Hand-rubbing). Because the characteristic finish effect is applied by hand, variation within a hide and from hide to hide should be expected as part of the beauty of this leather; each hide is given individual attention and is unique in its beauty. These hands-on capabilities allow us to truly raise our leather to a new level of craftsmanship and artwork.


Finishing can refer to any enhancing effect applied to leather after it has been tanned. Examples are dyeing, embossing, buffing, antiquing, waxing, waterproofing, and so on. We most commonly refer to Finishing in terms our products that have a protective pigment or topcoat applied. Our most popular example is our Classic leather. Classic, and other similar products, are made by a process of surface coating with a mechanical spray application of pigmented formula and topcoat which provides protection from soiling, fading and wear. Finished leathers have uniform color consistency and there are fewer defects apparent with a Finished Leather as compared to an Aniline Leather.

Pattern Cutting

Our high-speed, modular leather cutting system features automated hide scanning, perimeter identification and flaw recognition. It offers the most advanced cutting and nesting technology available today for improving cutting yield and overall productivity. For customers with repetitive pattern cutting requirements, the Townsend Pattern Cutting System can produce multiple sets cut to your specifications on schedule and at defined costs.

Quality control Standards

Every order of Townsend Leather is thoroughly tested in our own laboratory to ensure that it meets or exceeds industry performance standards. In addition routine quality tests, we are also able to perform many other tests to meet a job's specifications or submit our leather to an independent laboratory for certification. Because we are the manufacturer, controlling all production processes and retaining the exact formulas and retainer cuttings of each order, we can control dye lot variation and produce previous dye lots to match from year to year.
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